So protokollieren Sie Stack-Frames mit Windows x64

Lesezeit: 15 Minuten

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ROTER WEICHER ADAIR

Ich verwende Stackdumps mit Win32, um alle Rücksendeadressen in mein Logfile zu schreiben. Ich vergleiche diese später mit einem Mapfile (siehe meinen Artikel [Post Mortem Debugging][1]).

EDIT:: Problem gelöst – siehe meine eigene Antwort unten.

Bei Windows x64 finde ich keinen zuverlässigen Weg, nur die Rücksprungadressen in die Logdatei zu schreiben. Ich habe mehrere Möglichkeiten ausprobiert:

Versuch 1: Zeigerarithmetik:

   CONTEXT Context;
   RtlCaptureContext(&Context);
   char *eNextBP  = (char *)Context.Rdi;
   for(ULONG Frame = 0; eNextBP ; Frame++)
   {        
       char *pBP = eNextBP;
       eNextBP = *(char **)pBP; // Next BP in Stack
       fprintf(LogFile, "*** %2d called from %016LX  (pBP at %016LX)\n", Frame, 
              (ULONG64)*(char **)(pBP + 8), (ULONG64)pBP);

    }

Dies funktioniert in der Debug-Version einwandfrei – in der Release-Version stürzt es jedoch ab. Der Wert von Context.Rdi hat dort keinen nutzbaren Wert. Ich habe nach Unterschieden in den Compilereinstellungen gesucht (Visual Studio 2005). Ich habe nichts Verdächtiges gefunden.

Versuch 2: Verwenden von StackWalk64

RtlCaptureContext(&Context);
STACKFRAME64 stk;
memset(&stk, 0, sizeof(stk));

stk.AddrPC.Offset       = Context.Rip;
stk.AddrPC.Mode         = AddrModeFlat;
stk.AddrStack.Offset    = Context.Rsp;
stk.AddrStack.Mode      = AddrModeFlat;
stk.AddrFrame.Offset    = Context.Rbp;
stk.AddrFrame.Mode      = AddrModeFlat;


for(ULONG Frame = 0; ; Frame++)
{
    BOOL result = StackWalk64(
                            IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_AMD64,   // __in      DWORD MachineType,
                            GetCurrentProcess(),        // __in      HANDLE hProcess,
                            GetCurrentThread(),         // __in      HANDLE hThread,
                            &stk,                       // __inout   LP STACKFRAME64 StackFrame,
                            &Context,                  // __inout   PVOID ContextRecord,
                             NULL,                     // __in_opt  PREAD_PROCESS_MEMORY_ROUTINE64 ReadMemoryRoutine,
                             SymFunctionTableAccess64,                      // __in_opt  PFUNCTION_TABLE_ACCESS_ROUTINE64 FunctionTableAccessRoutine,
                             SymGetModuleBase64,                     // __in_opt  PGET_MODULE_BASE_ROUTINE64 GetModuleBaseRoutine,
                             NULL                       // __in_opt  PTRANSLATE_ADDRESS_ROUTINE64 TranslateAddress
                             );

    fprintf(gApplSetup.TraceFile, "*** %2d called from %016LX   STACK %016LX    FRAME %016LX\n", Frame, (ULONG64)stk.AddrPC.Offset, (ULONG64)stk.AddrStack.Offset, (ULONG64)stk.AddrFrame.Offset);
    if(! result)
        break;
}

Dadurch werden nicht nur die Absenderadressen ausgegeben, sondern der GANZE STACK. Bei diesem Ansatz erhalte ich ungefähr 1000 Zeilen in meiner Protokolldatei. Ich kann das verwenden, aber ich muss die Zeilen durchsuchen und einige Daten der Stacks sind zufällig eine gültige Codeadresse.

Versuch 3: Verwenden von Backtrace

static USHORT (WINAPI
*s_pfnCaptureStackBackTrace)(ULONG, ULONG, PVOID*, PULONG) = 0;  
    if (s_pfnCaptureStackBackTrace == 0)  
    {  
        const HMODULE hNtDll = ::GetModuleHandle("ntdll.dll");  
        reinterpret_cast<void*&>(s_pfnCaptureStackBackTrace)
=  ::GetProcAddress(hNtDll, "RtlCaptureStackBackTrace");  
    }  
    PVOID myFrames[128];
    s_pfnCaptureStackBackTrace(0, 128, myFrames, NULL);

    for(int ndx = 0; ndx < 128; ndx++)
        fprintf(gApplSetup.TraceFile, "*** BackTrace %3d %016LX\n", ndx,  (ULONG64)myFrames[ndx]);

Ergibt keine verwertbaren Informationen.

Hat jemand einen solchen Stackwalk in x64 implementiert, der nur die Rücksprungadressen in den Stack schreibt? Ich habe die Ansätze gesehen [StackTrace64][2], [StackWalker][3] und andere. Entweder lassen sie sich nicht kompilieren oder sie sind viel zu kompliziert. Es ist im Grunde eine einfache Aufgabe!

Beispiel StackDump64.cpp

#include <Windows.h>
#include <DbgHelp.h>
#include <Winbase.h>

#include <stdio.h>

void WriteStackDump()

{

    FILE *myFile = fopen("StackDump64.log", "w+t");

    CONTEXT                       Context;
    memset(&Context, 0, sizeof(Context));
    RtlCaptureContext(&Context);

    RtlCaptureContext(&Context);
    STACKFRAME64 stk;
    memset(&stk, 0, sizeof(stk));

    stk.AddrPC.Offset       = Context.Rip;
    stk.AddrPC.Mode         = AddrModeFlat;
    stk.AddrStack.Offset    = Context.Rsp;
    stk.AddrStack.Mode      = AddrModeFlat;
    stk.AddrFrame.Offset    = Context.Rbp;
    stk.AddrFrame.Mode      = AddrModeFlat;


    for(ULONG Frame = 0; ; Frame++)
    {
        BOOL result = StackWalk64(
                                IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_AMD64,   // __in      DWORD MachineType,
                                GetCurrentProcess(),        // __in      HANDLE hProcess,
                                GetCurrentThread(),         // __in      HANDLE hThread,
                                &stk,                       // __inout   LP STACKFRAME64 StackFrame,
                                &Context,                  // __inout   PVOID ContextRecord,
                                 NULL,                     // __in_opt  PREAD_PROCESS_MEMORY_ROUTINE64 ReadMemoryRoutine,
                                 SymFunctionTableAccess64,                      // __in_opt  PFUNCTION_TABLE_ACCESS_ROUTINE64 FunctionTableAccessRoutine,
                                 SymGetModuleBase64,                     // __in_opt  PGET_MODULE_BASE_ROUTINE64 GetModuleBaseRoutine,
                                 NULL                       // __in_opt  PTRANSLATE_ADDRESS_ROUTINE64 TranslateAddress
                                 );

        fprintf(myFile, "*** %2d called from %016I64LX   STACK %016I64LX    AddrReturn %016I64LX\n", Frame, stk.AddrPC.Offset, stk.AddrStack.Offset, stk.AddrReturn.Offset);
        if(! result)
            break;
    }

    fclose(myFile);
}


void funcC()
{
    WriteStackDump();
}


void funcB()
{
    funcC();
}


void funcA()

{
    funcB();
}


int main(int argc, char *argv[])

{

    funcA();
}

Das Ausführen dieses Beispiels führt zu folgendem Inhalt der Protokolldatei:

***  0 called from 000000014000109E   STACK 000000000012F780    AddrReturn 0000000140005798
***  1 called from 000000001033D160   STACK 000000000012F788    AddrReturn 00000001400057B0
***  2 called from 00000001400057B0   STACK 000000000012F790    AddrReturn 0000000000000001
***  3 called from 0000000000000002   STACK 000000000012F798    AddrReturn 00000001400057B0
***  4 called from 0000000000000002   STACK 000000000012F7A0    AddrReturn 000000000012F7F0
***  5 called from 000000000012F7F0   STACK 000000000012F7A8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
***  6 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F7B0    AddrReturn 000007FF7250CF40
***  7 called from 000007FF7250CF40   STACK 000000000012F7B8    AddrReturn 000007FF7250D390
***  8 called from 000007FF7250D390   STACK 000000000012F7C0    AddrReturn 000007FF725B6950
***  9 called from 000007FF725B6950   STACK 000000000012F7C8    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 10 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012F7D0    AddrReturn 000000001033D160
*** 11 called from 000000001033D160   STACK 000000000012F7D8    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 12 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012F7E0    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 13 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012F7E8    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 14 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012F7F0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 15 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F7F8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 16 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F800    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 17 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F808    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 18 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F810    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 19 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F818    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 20 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F820    AddrReturn 00001F800010000F
*** 21 called from 00001F800010000F   STACK 000000000012F828    AddrReturn 0053002B002B0033
*** 22 called from 0053002B002B0033   STACK 000000000012F830    AddrReturn 00000206002B002B
*** 23 called from 00000206002B002B   STACK 000000000012F838    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 24 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F840    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 25 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F848    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 26 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F850    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 27 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F858    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 28 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F860    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 29 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F868    AddrReturn 0000000000000246
*** 30 called from 0000000000000246   STACK 000000000012F870    AddrReturn 000000000012F7F0
*** 31 called from 000000000012F7F0   STACK 000000000012F878    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 32 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F880    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 33 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F888    AddrReturn 000000000012F888
*** 34 called from 000000000012F888   STACK 000000000012F890    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 35 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F898    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 36 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F8A0    AddrReturn 000000000012FE10
*** 37 called from 000000000012FE10   STACK 000000000012F8A8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 38 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F8B0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 39 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F8B8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 40 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F8C0    AddrReturn 0000000000000246
*** 41 called from 0000000000000246   STACK 000000000012F8C8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 42 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F8D0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 43 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F8D8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 44 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F8E0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 45 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F8E8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 46 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F8F0    AddrReturn 000000000000027F
*** 47 called from 000000000000027F   STACK 000000000012F8F8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 48 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F900    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 49 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F908    AddrReturn 0000FFFF00001F80
*** 50 called from 0000FFFF00001F80   STACK 000000000012F910    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 51 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F918    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 52 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F920    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 53 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F928    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 54 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F930    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 55 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F938    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 56 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F940    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 57 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F948    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 58 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F950    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 59 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F958    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 60 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F960    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 61 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F968    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 62 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F970    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 63 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F978    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 64 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F980    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 65 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F988    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 66 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F990    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 67 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F998    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 68 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9A0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 69 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9A8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 70 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9B0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 71 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9B8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 72 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9C0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 73 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9C8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 74 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9D0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 75 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9D8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 76 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9E0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 77 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9E8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 78 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9F0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 79 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012F9F8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 80 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA00    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 81 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA08    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 82 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA10    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 83 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA18    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 84 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA20    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 85 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA28    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 86 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA30    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 87 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA38    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 88 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA40    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 89 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA48    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 90 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA50    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 91 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA58    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 92 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA60    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 93 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA68    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 94 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA70    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 95 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA78    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 96 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA80    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 97 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA88    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 98 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA90    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 99 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FA98    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 100 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAA0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 101 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAA8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 102 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAB0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 103 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAB8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 104 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAC0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 105 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAC8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 106 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAD0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 107 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAD8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 108 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAE0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 109 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAE8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 110 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAF0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 111 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FAF8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 112 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB00    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 113 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB08    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 114 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB10    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 115 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB18    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 116 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB20    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 117 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB28    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 118 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB30    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 119 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB38    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 120 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB40    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 121 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB48    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 122 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB50    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 123 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB58    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 124 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB60    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 125 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB68    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 126 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB70    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 127 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB78    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 128 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB80    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 129 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB88    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 130 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB90    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 131 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FB98    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 132 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBA0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 133 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBA8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 134 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBB0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 135 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBB8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 136 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBC0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 137 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBC8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 138 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBD0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 139 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBD8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 140 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBE0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 141 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBE8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 142 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBF0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 143 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FBF8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 144 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC00    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 145 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC08    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 146 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC10    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 147 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC18    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 148 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC20    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 149 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC28    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 150 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC30    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 151 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC38    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 152 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC40    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 153 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC48    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 154 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC50    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 155 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC58    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 156 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC60    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 157 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC68    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 158 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC70    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 159 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC78    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 160 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC80    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 161 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC88    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 162 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC90    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 163 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FC98    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 164 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FCA0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 165 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FCA8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 166 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FCB0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 167 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FCB8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 168 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FCC0    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 169 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FCC8    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 170 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FCD0    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 171 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FCD8    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 172 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FCE0    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 173 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FCE8    AddrReturn 0000000300000000
*** 174 called from 0000000300000000   STACK 000000000012FCF0    AddrReturn 0000000300000000
*** 175 called from 0000000300000000   STACK 000000000012FCF8    AddrReturn 0000000300000000
*** 176 called from 0000000300000000   STACK 000000000012FD00    AddrReturn 000000000012FCF0
*** 177 called from 000000000012FCF8   STACK 000000000012FD08    AddrReturn 0000000300000000
*** 178 called from 0000000300000000   STACK 000000000012FD10    AddrReturn 000000000012FD10
*** 179 called from 000000000012FD18   STACK 000000000012FD18    AddrReturn 0000000300000000
*** 180 called from 0000000300000000   STACK 000000000012FD20    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 181 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD28    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 182 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD30    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 183 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD38    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 184 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD40    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 185 called from 0000000100000000   STACK 000000000012FD48    AddrReturn 0000000100000000
*** 186 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD50    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 187 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD58    AddrReturn 0000000100000000
*** 188 called from 0000000100000000   STACK 000000000012FD60    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 189 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD68    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 190 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD70    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 191 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD78    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 192 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD80    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 193 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD88    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 194 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD90    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 195 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FD98    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 196 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FDA0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 197 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FDA8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 198 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FDB0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 199 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FDB8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 200 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FDC0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 201 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FDC8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 202 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FDD0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 203 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FDD8    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 204 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FDE0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 205 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FDE8    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 206 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FDF0    AddrReturn 000000CECCCCCCCC
*** 207 called from 000000CFCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FDF8    AddrReturn CCCCCCCC00000001
*** 208 called from CCCCCCCC00000001   STACK 000000000012FE00    AddrReturn FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFE
*** 209 called from FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFE   STACK 000000000012FE08    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 210 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE10    AddrReturn 000000000012FE40
*** 211 called from 000000000012FE40   STACK 000000000012FE18    AddrReturn 000000014000122F
*** 212 called from 000000014000122F   STACK 000000000012FE20    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 213 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE28    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 214 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE30    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 215 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE38    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 216 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE40    AddrReturn 000000000012FE70
*** 217 called from 000000000012FE70   STACK 000000000012FE48    AddrReturn 000000014000125F
*** 218 called from 000000014000125F   STACK 000000000012FE50    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 219 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE58    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 220 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE60    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 221 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE68    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 222 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE70    AddrReturn 000000000012FEA0
*** 223 called from 000000000012FEA0   STACK 000000000012FE78    AddrReturn 000000014000128F
*** 224 called from 000000014000128F   STACK 000000000012FE80    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 225 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE88    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 226 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE90    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 227 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FE98    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 228 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FEA0    AddrReturn 000000000012FED0
*** 229 called from 000000000012FED0   STACK 000000000012FEA8    AddrReturn 00000001400012CB
*** 230 called from 00000001400012CB   STACK 000000000012FEB0    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 231 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FEB8    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 232 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FEC0    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 233 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FEC8    AddrReturn CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*** 234 called from CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC   STACK 000000000012FED0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 235 called from 0000000000000000   STACK 000000000012FED8    AddrReturn 000000014000190C
*** 236 called from 000000014000190C   STACK 000000000012FEE0    AddrReturn 0000000100000001
*** 237 called from 0000000100000001   STACK 000000000012FEE8    AddrReturn 0000000000454B50
*** 238 called from 0000000000454B50   STACK 000000000012FEF0    AddrReturn 0000000000000000
*** 23

  • Fehler LNK2019: Ungelöstes externes Symbol __imp_StackWalk64 referenziert in Funktion “void __cdecl WriteStackDump(void)” ([email protected]@YAXXZ)

    – John Ktejik

    19. Dezember 2012 um 4:40 Uhr

  • Sie müssen “DbgHelp.lib” verknüpfen. Sehen msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/…

    – ROTER WEICHER ADAIR

    19. Dezember 2012 um 8:52 Uhr

Benutzer-Avatar
ROTER WEICHER ADAIR

Ich habe endlich einen zuverlässigen Weg gefunden, die Stack-Frames in x64 mit der Windows-Funktion zu protokollieren CaptureStackBackTrace(). Da ich mein SDK nicht aktualisieren wollte, nenne ich es via GetProcAddress(LoadLibrary());

   typedef USHORT (WINAPI *CaptureStackBackTraceType)(__in ULONG, __in ULONG, __out PVOID*, __out_opt PULONG);
   CaptureStackBackTraceType func = (CaptureStackBackTraceType)(GetProcAddress(LoadLibrary("kernel32.dll"), "RtlCaptureStackBackTrace"));

   if(func == NULL)
       return; // WOE 29.SEP.2010

   // Quote from Microsoft Documentation:
   // ## Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP:  
   // ## The sum of the FramesToSkip and FramesToCapture parameters must be less than 63.
   const int kMaxCallers = 62; 

   void* callers[kMaxCallers];
   int count = (func)(0, kMaxCallers, callers, NULL);
   for(i = 0; i < count; i++)
      printf(TraceFile, "*** %d called from %016I64LX\n", i, callers[i]);

  • Ich bin mir nicht sicher, warum Sie Kernal32.dll direkt laden, wenn Sie einfach eine Header-Datei einfügen können. Normalerweise wird kernal32.dll sowieso immer für einen Prozess geladen … aber wenn Sie Include-Dateien minimieren möchten, funktioniert Ihre Lösung.

    – CJohnson

    28. September 2010 um 19:28 Uhr

  • Wenn Sie sich ansehen msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff552119%28VS.85%29.aspx, sehen Sie, dass RtlCaptureStackBackTrace vor Windows XP nicht existierte. Wenn ich die Headerdatei einfügen würde, würde unsere Anwendung einfach nicht auf Win2000 laufen. Mit diesem Ansatz funktioniert es – obwohl (wie ich gerade bemerkt habe) es beim Aufrufen des StackDump abstürzt, da ich func nicht auf NULL überprüft habe (das wurde behoben).

    – ROTER WEICHER ADAIR

    29. September 2010 um 8:38 Uhr

  • Ich erhalte diese Fehler beim Ausführen Ihres Codes: ` Fehler C2664: ‘GetModuleHandleW’ : Parameter 1 kann nicht von ‘const char [10]’ zu ‘LPCWSTR’ Typen, auf die gezeigt wird, sind nicht verwandt; Konvertierung erfordert reinterpret_cast, Umwandlung im C-Stil oder Umwandlung im Funktionsstil

    – John Ktejik

    19. Dezember 2012 um 4:34 Uhr


  • Ihre Anwendung verwendet Unicode. Sie müssen “ntdll.dll” durch L”ntdll.dll” ersetzen.

    – ROTER WEICHER ADAIR

    19. Dezember 2012 um 8:51 Uhr

  • CaptureStackBackTrace funktioniert nicht zuverlässig mit verwaltetem Code – es wird keine Aufrufliste erfasst.

    – TarmoPikaro

    11. Dezember 2015 um 23:31 Uhr

Für vs2008 x64: Basierend auf https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/bb204633%28v=vs.85%29.aspx und RED SOFT ADAIR:

#if defined DEBUG_SAMPLES_MANAGEMENT  

#include "DbgHelp.h"
#include <WinBase.h>
#pragma comment(lib, "Dbghelp.lib")

void printStack( void* sample_address, std::fstream& out )
{
    typedef USHORT (WINAPI *CaptureStackBackTraceType)(__in ULONG, __in ULONG, __out PVOID*, __out_opt PULONG);
    CaptureStackBackTraceType func = (CaptureStackBackTraceType)(GetProcAddress(LoadLibrary(L"kernel32.dll"), "RtlCaptureStackBackTrace"));

    if(func == NULL)
        return; // WOE 29.SEP.2010

    // Quote from Microsoft Documentation:
    // ## Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP:  
    // ## The sum of the FramesToSkip and FramesToCapture parameters must be less than 63.
    const int kMaxCallers = 62; 

    void         * callers_stack[ kMaxCallers ];
    unsigned short frames;
    SYMBOL_INFO  * symbol;
    HANDLE         process;
    process = GetCurrentProcess();
    SymInitialize( process, NULL, TRUE );
    frames               = (func)( 0, kMaxCallers, callers_stack, NULL );
    symbol               = ( SYMBOL_INFO * )calloc( sizeof( SYMBOL_INFO ) + 256 * sizeof( char ), 1 );
    symbol->MaxNameLen   = 255;
    symbol->SizeOfStruct = sizeof( SYMBOL_INFO );

    out << "(" << sample_address << "): " << std::endl;
    const unsigned short  MAX_CALLERS_SHOWN = 6;
    frames = frames < MAX_CALLERS_SHOWN? frames : MAX_CALLERS_SHOWN;
    for( unsigned int i = 0;  i < frames;  i++ )
    {
        SymFromAddr( process, ( DWORD64 )( callers_stack[ i ] ), 0, symbol );
        out << "*** " << i << ": " << callers_stack[i] << " " << symbol->Name << " - 0x" << symbol->Address << std::endl;
    }

    free( symbol );
}
#endif

Hier angerufen:

#if defined DEBUG_SAMPLES_MANAGEMENT
        if(owner_ != 0)
        {   
            std::fstream& out = owner_->get_debug_file();
            printStack( this, out );   
        }
#endif

Wir verwenden hier ausschließlich Minidumps. Sie können einen abgespeckten erstellen, der nur Stack-Informationen enthält, und später einen Stack-Trace von einem anständigen Debugger ausgeben.

Es löst Ihr Problem nicht direkt, aber ich denke, es wird Ihnen einen viel besseren Postmortem-Berichtsmechanismus bieten.

RtlCaptureStackBackTrace() zerlegen Mir ist aufgefallen, dass der maximale Wert, der an RtlCaptureStackBackTrace() übergeben wird, sein sollte: framesToSkip+framesToCapture+1 sollte kleiner als 64 sein. Andernfalls wird 0 zurückgegeben und es gibt keine anderen Fehlercodes.

In Testversion 3 verwenden Sie möglicherweise CaptureStackBackTrace() falsch. Laut Dokumentation muss unter Windows XP und Windows Server 2003 die Summe des ersten und zweiten Parameters kleiner als 63 sein, aber in Ihrem Fall wäre die Summe 128.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/bb204633%28v=vs.85%29.aspx

Benutzer-Avatar
lsalamon

Sehen Sie sich das an, ich weiß nicht, ob es relevant ist:

Arbeiten mit Assembler-Code Assembler-Code lässt sich problemlos auf AMD64 und 64-Bit-Windows portieren – und lohnt sich aus Leistungsgründen! Sie können beispielsweise die Vorteile der neuen 64-Bit-Universalregister (r8-r15) und der neuen Gleitkomma- und 128-Bit-SSE/SSE2/Gleitkomma-Register (xmm8-xmm15) nutzen. Es gibt jedoch neue 64-Bit-Stack-Frames und Aufrufkonventionen, über die Sie sich informieren sollten in den ABI-Spezifikationen (Application Binary Interface).

Der Trick besteht darin, mit dem Anrufen aufzuhören StackWalk64 wenn es 0 in zurückgibt stk.AddrReturn.Offset. Das bedeutet, dass sich keine Frames mehr auf dem Stack befinden. Wenn stk.AddrReturn.Offset nicht null ist, können Sie diesen Wert als Absenderadresse verwenden.

Wenn Sie weiter anrufen StackWalk64 Danach vermute ich, dass es versuchen wird, alles, was sich in den Speicherorten befindet, als Stapel zu interpretieren und unvorhersehbare Daten zurückzugeben.

  • Staffan, ich habe oben ein Beispiel für Sie hinzugefügt. Wenn Sie dies kompilieren und ausführen, führt dies zu der Protokolldatei, die ich ebenfalls eingeschlossen habe. Das Logfile hat 2833 Stack-Einträge. Es sollte nur eine Hand voll sein. Verwenden Sie andere Parameter? Was mache ich falsch?

    – ROTER WEICHER ADAIR

    27. Februar 2009 um 12:23 Uhr

  • Meine Antwort wurde aktualisiert, nachdem ich Ihre Quelle ausprobiert hatte.

    – Mitarbeiter

    27. Februar 2009 um 12:49 Uhr

  • Nein, die Rücksendeadressen befinden sich nicht in den ersten Frames, die von StackWalk64 zurückgegeben werden. Sehen Sie sich die letzte Spalte der Protokolldatei an: Sie gibt stk.AddrReturn.Offset aus. Der dritte Wert ist “1”!, der #4-Wert ist gleich #2, obwohl es keine Rekursion in der Probe gibt.

    – ROTER WEICHER ADAIR

    27. Februar 2009 um 16:49 Uhr

  • Und wenn Sie sich stk.AddrStack.Offset (zweite Spalte) ansehen, sehen Sie deutlich, dass der gesamte Inhalt des Stacks zurückgegeben wird.

    – ROTER WEICHER ADAIR

    27. Februar 2009 um 16:51 Uhr

1334280cookie-checkSo protokollieren Sie Stack-Frames mit Windows x64

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